The national strategies of the countries
The Nordic Welfare Centre, together with the members of the Council of Nordic Cooperation on Disability, monitors what is happening in the national disability policy landscapes.
The Ministry for Social and Internal Affairs is the coordinating ministry for disability policy. But the development of the area is a shared responsibility for all ministerial areas, each sector being responsible for integrating disability policy aspects into its policies.
Together with the CRPD framework, four principles frame Danish disability policy: the Equal Treatment Principle, the Compensation Principle, the Sector Responsibility Principle and the Solidarity Principle.
CRPD should be implemented at the local level. The Ministry for Social Affairs has written a report on the local implementation of CRPD.
Danske Handicaporganisationer is the country’s umbrella organisation for disability organisations.
Det Centrale Handicapråd is the disability organisations’ national body for consultation with the government.
The Danish Institute for Human Rights is a self-owned state institution with a mandate to promote and protect human rights and equal treatment in Denmark and abroad. In the disabled area, the Institute aims to promote and monitor the implementation of CRPD. The Institute has listed the ten most important challenges in Denmark in relation to the articles on rights in CRPD, together with ten indicators for the implementation and monitoring of CRPD.
The National Board of Social Services is responsible for knowledge and guidance for government agencies, municipalities and other providers of social support and service for citizens with disabilities.
Denmark’s 98 municipalities are responsible for helping and supporting individual citizens on the basis of individual assessments of needs. The municipal executive board defines the municipality’s service level and decides on the content and scope of assistance within the framework of the law.
The National Board of Appeal is an independent board under the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Interior, which acts as a complaint authority and is also responsible for coordinating the municipalities’ practice in the social field.
The Ministry of Social Affairs and Health coordinates disability policy in Finland. However, all administrative areas are responsible for execution.
The principles of disability policy mean that persons with disabilities have the right to: equal treatment, participation and non-discrimination, as well as necessary services and support measures. The policy for the area is based on fundamental freedoms and rights, as well as human rights. Provisions on non-discrimination against persons with disabilities have been incorporated into the Finnish Constitution.
The national action programme for CRPD 2018-2019 consists of 82 measures to promote the implementation of the convention in different administrative areas.
Vammaisfoorumi ry (Handikappforum rt) is an umbrella organisation for disability organisations.
The Delegation for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, VANE, is the government’s national mechanism for consultation and coordination on the implementation of CRPD and disability policy. VANE has been responsible for drawing up the action programme. VANE has representatives of disability organisations, labour market organisations and those ministries that are important with regard to the rights of persons with disabilities.
The Human Rights Centre is an autonomous and independent expert body, whose task is to promote fundamental and human rights and to increase collaboration and the sharing of information between different actors. The Human Rights Centre monitors the implementation of CRPD.
The Discrimination Ombudsman monitors rights based on disability.
The National Institute for Health and Welfare (THL) promotes opportunities for people with disabilities to manage on their own through its research and development work. THL disseminates information about services, forms of assistance and benefits, by such means as its handbook for the area.
More information on services and forms of assistance in Finland.
The Social Insurance Institution (KELA) is responsible for decisions on and the payment of benefits.
Finland has 311 municipalities. The tasks of a municipality include providing services for people with disabilities.
The Faroe Islands
The Ministry of Social Affairs coordinates disability policy and has an important role in the developments in this field, including cross-sectoral cooperation.
MEGD is an umbrella organisation for disability organisations in the Faroe Islands.
The Faroe Islands have 29 municipalities.
The Ministry for Social Affairs and Justice coordinates disability policy in Greenland.
Greenland does not yet have a strategy or action plan for disability policy. The area of disability is, however, mentioned separately in the Coalition Agreement 2014-2018.
Greenland has no umbrella organisation for the disability organisations, but there are a number of nationwide associations. Examples include Kalaallit Nunaanni Innarluutillit Piginnaanikitsut Kattuffiat (KNIPK), Inooqat and ISI.
Tilioq, Handicaptalsmanden is a driving force for the area and follows up on the implementation of the UN Convention.
Pissassarfik is a nationwide disability centre located in Sisimiut.
The Ministry of Social Affairs, Félagsmálaráðuneytið coordinates disability policy in Iceland.
Iceland’s national action plan for disability policy is valid for 2017-2021. The action plan has seven goals, with four to seven measures under each goal, 37 measures in total.
Iceland has 79 municipalities that cooperate through Samband, the association of municipalities.
The Ministry of Children and Equality (BLD) is the coordinating ministry for disability policy.
Norway has a number of disability policy strategies and action plans in several areas. The most comprehensive is the action plan for universal design and technology. BLD coordinates the implementation of the plan, which is also implemented by several other ministries.
The Norwegian government’s strategy is called Strategi for mennesker med funksjonsnedsettelse – Et samfunn for alle
There are two umbrella organisations for disability organisations in Norway – Funksjonshemmedes Fellesorganisasjon (FFO) and Samarbeidsforumet av Funksjonshemmedes Organisasjoner (SAFO). Unge funksjonshemmede is an umbrella organisation for young people with disabilities.
The Norwegian Directorate for Children, Youth and Family Affairs (Bufdir) has a special responsibility for the implementation of several activities in the action plan and their follow-up, as well as other information relating to the living conditions of persons with disabilities.
The Gender Equality and Anti-Discrimination Ombud (LDO) monitors the rights of persons with disabilities.
The Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV) manages arrangements such as unemployment benefit, work assessment allowance, sickness benefit, pensions, child benefit and cash support.
Norway has 422 municipalities that cooperate through Kommunernas samarbetsförbund (KS) and coordinate a network for universal design. Among other things, the network generates collections of good examples.
The Ministry of Health and Social Affairs coordinates disability policy. Several other ministries and policy areas are covered by the policy, and there is an interdepartmental group with representatives from different ministries who, through dialogue, share experiences and discuss topical issues.
Swedish disability policy is based on CRPD and deals with the rights and interests of people with disabilities in society. Sweden does not yet have a strategy or action plan for the area of disability. The Swedish Parliament has, however, decided on the direction and objectives of disability policy. The goal is to achieve equality in living conditions and full participation in society for people with disabilities in a society based on diversity, taking CRPD as a starting point. This aim is that this goal will contribute to greater gender equality and to the children’s rights perspective being considered. In order to achieve the national goal, the implementation of disability policy is focusing on four areas: the principle of universality, existing shortcomings in accessibility, individual support and solutions for individual independence, and preventing and combating discrimination.
Funktionshindersdelegationen is the disability organisations’ national consultation body with the government. Funktionshindersdelegationen consists of representatives from Funktionsrätt Sverige and Nätverket för Unga för Tillgänglighet (NUFT) and is headed by the Minister’s Secretary of State. The delegation meets four times a year for regular meetings.
The Discrimination Ombudsman monitors the rights of persons with disabilities.
The Swedish Agency for Participation (MFD) is a knowledge-based authority working in the field of disability. MFD has a special responsibility for the implementation of and follow-up on disability policy. MFD follows up on, among others, public actors and living conditions. MFD’s task is to work to ensure that disability policy has an impact throughout society.
The Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare works to ensure that government agencies and organisations in the field health and social care are involved in achieving the disability policy goals. The agency publishes, among other things, open comparisons about support and service, and collates guidance and other information about aids.
The Swedish Social Insurance Agency makes decisions on and pays out a large proportion of social security benefits.
Sweden has 290 municipalities. The work of the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SKR) on disability issues involves supporting municipalities and county councils/regions in their continuous development work. To clarify SKL’s focus on the field of disability, a position paper for disability and participation has been produced. The position paper presents starting points, guiding principles, issues common to several sectors and sectoral issues. SKL also publishes open comparisons of several of the municipalities’ initiatives for participation.
The Social and Environmental Department of the provincial government is responsible for the coordination of disability policy.
In 2017, Åland’s provincial government adopted “An accessible Åland – action programme for the Åland Provincial Government’s disability policy, 2017-2020”. The programme covers 39 content areas and a total of 84 initiatives relating to specific articles of the UN Convention.
The Åland Association for the Disabled is a collaborative association for disability and patient associations in Åland.
The Council for Persons with Disabilities in Åland is the government’s consultation body with disability organisations and the coordinating mechanism for implementing the UN Convention. The Province of Åland has a permanent expert member in the Finnish national Delegation for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, VANE.
The Discrimination Ombudsman, through the authority of the Åland Ombudsman, is the supervisory authority.
The 16 municipalities in the province must promote and follow the living conditions of persons with disabilities and, through their activities, endeavour to prevent the occurrence of maladministration and to remove any inconveniences that restrict the opportunities for persons with disabilities for activities and involvement.
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