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Nordic co-operation on integration and inclusion

It takes on average five to ten years for a refugee to find work in the Nordic countries. As social inclusion is closely linked to successful labour market integration, and as during this period the refugee represents a cost to society, the question of how to ensure access to the labour market has been a prominent issue on the political agenda.

Since the countries show both differences and similarities in their migration policies and practical solutions, the question is how we can learn from each other.

In 2016 the Nordic Council of Ministers initiated a co-operation programme designed to support the national efforts on integration of refugees and immigrants. The Nordic Welfare Centre has the overall responsibility for the main project Nordic collaboration on integration of refugees and migrants in close collaboration with Nordregio. The aim of this project is to serve as an idea bank on the integration area, to map out existing knowledge and research, and to expand our common knowledge base on integration.

A report was produced by Nordregio on behalf of the Nordic Welfare Centre in 2017 and is the result of a  comparative study of policies and measures in place in the countries for achieving more efficient labour market integration of refugees. The scope of the report has been to focus on four aspects:

  • To what extent are practices of the early mapping of competences in place in each country – and what are the results so far?
  • How do the countries validate the work experience and qualifications of refugees – and what are the effects of validation for labour market entry?
  • How is language education combined with vocational training for faster integration into the labour market?
  • The role of civil society and informal networks in the integration process: Current status and untapped potential?

The report reveals a common understanding of important elements for sound integration into the labour market. The countries’ policies include early language training, competence mapping, skills assessment as well as recognition of foreign credentials and job search assistance and mentoring. Strategies and policies are illustrated by best practice initiatives, aimed to facilitate employment and to promote social inclusion based on evidence and expert assessments.

Although the is a high degree of consensus on key elements for a successful integration, several challenges remain. The major risk of alienation still lies in the gap between those who have work and those who do not.

Even if full integration of refugees is demanding and difficult to define, a less comprehensive and less ambitious approach will inevitably expose the countries in risk of long term integration failure, with large consequences both on a personal level and for the societies.

Download the report

Examples of good practice on labour market integration

Research on the theme

SORT CONTENT:

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Integration

7 Jun 2022

Do migration policies work?

Exploring the role of migration policies on migration and migrant integration dynamics [...]

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Work

16 May 2022

Matchningsinsatser för personer som nyligen fått uppehållstillstånd

Slutrapport för Jämställd etablering [...]

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Work

13 May 2022

Systematic Review of Active Labor Market Policies’ Effects on Immigrants’ Employment

This systematic review describes the recent literature on integration programs and active labor market policies (ALMPs) that strive to enhan [...]

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Work

8 May 2022

Scandinavian integration policies for refugees – An updated comparative analysis of qualification and labour-market integration outcomes.

This comparative study analyse labour market integration of adult refugees settled in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden between 2008 and 2019. Alt [...]

NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. Norway

Immigration & development

30 Mar 2022

Sammenhenger mellom etnisk mangfold og lønnsomhet i norske virksomheter

I denne rapporten undersøker vi sammenhengen mellom etnisk mangfold og lønnsomhet. Rapporten bygger på en kunnskapsoppsummering av eksist [...]

Denmark

Work

20 Mar 2022

Refugee migration and the labor market: lessons from 40 years of post-arrival policies in Denmark

Denmark has accepted refugees from a large variety of countries and for more than four decades. Denmark has also frequently changed policies [...]

NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. Sweden

Work

10 Nov 2021

Integration – gymnasiebetyg, vidare studier och arbetsmarknad

Syftet med denna rapport är att studera utbildningsvägar, sysselsättning och inkomst efter avslutade gymnasiestudier för unga med olika [...]

NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. Sweden

Corona

1 Nov 2021

The unequal(?) burden of unemployment in Sweden during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic

The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic and the measures enforced to combat it have led to a decline in economic activity unprecedented sinc [...]

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Corona

20 Oct 2021

Integrating immigrants into the Nordic labour markets – The impact of the Covid-19 pandemic

The Covid-19 pandemic has made social and economic inequalities even more pronounced in the Nordic countries. In all countries, foreign-born [...]

NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. Norway

Corona

5 Jul 2021

Evaluering av integreringspakke I og midlertidig lov

NIBR har gjennomført en evaluering av integreringspakke I og midlertidig lov med tilpasninger til introduksjonsloven (‘midlertidig lov’ [...]

Denmark

Work

17 May 2021

Kortlægning af integration i kommunerne – Kommunernes indsatser for at bringe ikkevestlige indvandrere i beskæftigelse

En betydelig del af de ikkevestlige indvandrere i Danmark er ikke i beskæftigelse. Det gælder både en del af de nyankomne, eller relativt [...]

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Education

4 Mar 2021

Kartlegging av tilbud om språkopplæring og språktrening for voksne innvandrere i Norge og øvrige nordiske land

Rambøll har, i samarbeid med førsteamanuensis v/Høgskolen i Innlandet Gunhild Tveit Randen, gjennomført en kartlegging av tilbud om spr [...]

Maps and statistics

Immigration & development

31 Aug 2022

Foreign-born population, total, 2000-2019

Immigration & development

31 Aug 2022

Population change (2020)

Work

17 Dec 2021

Unemployment rates by region of birth 2019

The map shows employment rates 2019 of the native and the foreign-born population in different Nordic regions (NUTS 2 level). [...]

Immigration & development

29 Sep 2020

Employment rates of foreign-born and native-born persons by region and education 2019

The map shows employment rates 2019 of the native and the foreign-born population in different Nordic regions (NUTS 2 level). [...]

Immigration & development

8 Feb 2018

Female international net migration rate in 2015

This map shows the international net migration rate for females in 2015. International migration refers to the migration to and from abroad [...]

Examples of best practice for the theme

Denmark

Labour Market Integration of Female Refugees

KHRS ApS – en servicevirksomhed inden for integrationsområdet

At hjælpe udsatte borgere og integrationsborgere med at få fodfæste på det danske arbejdsmarked. [...]

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Labour Market Integration of Refugees

MatchIT

MatchIT är en unik metod som kombinerar en rad insatser för att på bästa sätt rusta deltagarna inför arbetslivet. [...]

NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. Sweden

Labour Market Integration of Female Refugees

Jämställd etablering (ESF-Projekt) – Matchning från dag 1

Regeringen gav 2017 Arbetsförmedlingen i uppdrag att redovisa en handlingsplan för hur myndigheten ska öka andelen utrikesfödda kvinnor [...]

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Labour Market Integration of Refugees

Jobbsprånget

Jobbsprånget är ett praktikprogram för nyanlända som drivs av Kungliga Ingenjörsvetenskapsakademien, IVA, i samarbete med Arbetsförmed [...]

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New arrivals as a resource for the rural area

En säker hamn

Kraftsamling för kommuner, myndigheter och tredje sektorn för att utveckla samarbetet vid flyktingmottagning och integration på Åland. [...]

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Labour Market Integration of Refugees

Social bonds – Nyanlända i fokus för sociala innovationer

Finland satsar på ett obligationsprogram för sociala innovationer för att få fler nyanlända i jobb. Målet är att 2000 nyanlända ska [...]

NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. NVC logo. Sweden

Labour Market Integration of Refugees

Svenska för yrkesutbildade, Sfx

Svenska för yrkesutbildade är svenskundervisning med fokus på yrkesspråket. Det ger också en möjlighet att lära sig hur arbetsmarknad [...]

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Labour Market Integration of Refugees

Integreringsmottak – Raskere integrering

Målgruppen i integreringsmottakene er personer i asylmottak som nylig har fått oppholdstillatelse, men som ikke er bosatt, samt asylsøker [...]

Seminars on the theme

Completed

Calendar

9

May

2022

Completed

Invitation to Hybrid event: Which Nordic country is best at qualification and labour-marked integration for refugees?

The Nordic Council of Ministers and NIBR invites you to the launch of the research report Scandinavian integration policies for refugees: A [...]

News on the theme

Work

2 Dec 2022

Hvordan inkludere flere på det nordiske arbeidsmarkedet?

Hvis hvert land i Norden lærte av de andre lands suksesser, kunne 700 000 flere vært i arbeid, ifølge de danske forskerne Sarah Kildahl N [...]

Education

17 Nov 2022

God svenska – vägen till arbete för utrikes födda?

Hur viktiga är kunskaper i svenska när arbetsgivare rekryterar? SNS presenterar ny forskning om arbetsgivares perspektiv på språkets bet [...]

Work

31 Oct 2022

Sentralt å dele god praksis i flyktningkrisen

– Vi står i en ekstraordinær situasjon i Europa og Norden med krigen i Ukraina. Vi i de nordiske landene mottar nå historisk mange flyk [...]

Work

30 Oct 2022

Debattartikel: Så knäcker vi långtidsarbetslösheten bland invandrare

Debattartikel: Så knäcker vi långtidsarbetslösheten bland invandrare [...]

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