The impact of migration on projected population trends
Immigration & development
21 Apr 2018
The impact of migration on projected population trends in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden: 2015–2080
The population of a country grows or declines as a result of the combination of two trends. One is natural increase, the difference between the number of births and deaths. A number of European countries have been experiencing ‘negative natural increase’ (i.e. more deaths than births) because women have had fertility rates well below two children per woman and older age structures. In recent decades, the Nordic countries have had positive natural increase as a result of having relatively higher fertility rates of just below two children per woman and relatively younger age structures.
Authors: Nora Sanchez Gassen and Timothy Heleniak